Harvard referencing help guides
The definitive guide!
The Sheffield Hallam University Guide to Referencing and Citations offers detailed and comprehensive guidance on the Harvard referencing style recommended at SHU, including
With examples of how to cite and reference a huge number of different types of material.
Referencing - a quick guide - a leaflet available from learning centres. An introduction to the Harvard system of referencing recommended at SHU with some examples of how to reference commonly used materials.
Referencing: more than just commas and full stops - an online tutorial available via the Library Catalogue.
The re:Search tutorial on Referencing including examples, quizzes and videos.
The Harvard SHU referencing style
The Harvard method of referencing is a way of citing using the author and year. This method is thought to have been first used by Edward Lauren Mark at Harvard University's Zoological Laboratory (Chernin 1988). "Harvard" refers to this general method, but there is no definitive Harvard style showing specific details of how to cite and reference.
It is possible to find many styles showing different ways this method can be applied. The Harvard-SHU style was developed to provide consistent examples and guidance and is used across most of the University.
Please Note: When you are using Library Search, Resource Lists Online, databases and other sources, you may be given the option to view or save your references in a Harvard style. However, this may not be the same as the Harvard-SHU style recommended at SHU and by your tutors.
When using RefWorks and Microsoft Word, there is an option to reference in the Harvard-SHU style which follows the guidelines given here.
If you are asked to produce your references in a different way or to use a different system of referencing, please see the "Help with other Referencing styles" section on this page and refer to your course handbook or tutor for guidance.
CHERNIN, Elie (1988). The Harvard system: a mystery dispelled. [online]. BMJ, 297 (6655), 1062-1063. Article from PubMed Central last accessed 9 May 2013 at: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1834803/
Referencing from Resource Lists Online
When you are referencing, use the details provided on the source itself - the book, article or paper you have used. Do not rely on the details provided in Resource Lists Online alone.
If you are referencing an electronic source, use the name of the database or site on which the full text of the source can be found as the database from which the reference was obtained and as the source of the URL.
In Resource Lists Online there is a "View Bibliography" button. If you click on this, you can then see the references from the list formatted in a style that you select. Please be aware that the Harvard style option is not consistent with the Harvard style recommended at SHU.
Help with other referencing styles
Not all students at SHU are expected to use the Harvard-SHU system for referencing. Please follow the guidance you are given by your tutors.
If you are a student in the Faculty of Development and Society, you may be asked to use another system, such as a numeric system or footnotes. If this is the case, please refer to your course handbook or tutors for guidance.
- If you are a student studying History or Law, you should use the relevant guidance documents attached below. The OSCOLA guidelines are also available for law students
- If you are studying English you should use the guidance you are given by your tutors.
- If you are studying Psychology, this guide to APA referencing from the American University of Sharjah is recommended.
Students doing Biosciences use a modified version of Harvard-SHU as described on the Biosciences subject guide.
Please always check the guidance given by your tutors.
The Publication manual of the American Psychological Association and the MLA style manual and guide to scholaraly publishing are available to borrow from the learning centre.
Referencing from Library Search
If you copy or export reference details from Library Search, please be aware that some author names may be incorrect. Where a source has multiple authors they may be listed in the wrong order or authors' family and given names might be reversed.
When you are referencing, use the authors' details provided on the source itself - the book, article or paper you have used. Do not rely on the author details provided in Library Search.
If a source has more than one author, make sure that the authors appear in your references in the same order as they appear in the source.
Authors' family names should appear before their given name(s) in a reference.
Some newspaper articles are being assigned the author "Anonymous" in Library Search. It is preferable to use the title and year to cite sources where the author cannot be identified. Anonymous should not usually be used.
Some author names are being given in uppercase (all capital letters) in Library Search.
If you are exporting references to RefWorks from Library Search you will need to amend the author details in your RefWorks database.
Please note that the Harvard style which can be used to view resources in the "Saved Items" folder in Library Search is not consistent with the Harvard-SHU style.
Help and Support
Adsetts Learning Centre, Level 4
Collegiate Learning Centre, Ground Floor
Phone: 0114 225 3333
If you don't reference your sources correctly then you may be guilty of plagiarism, which is seen as a form of cheating and may have serious consequences.
See What happens if I've been accused of cheating? for more information.