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I'm using another referencing style

Other referencing styles for specific subjects

Not all students at SHU are expected to use the APA system for referencing.
Please follow the guidance you are given by your tutors.


If you are on a Chemistry course, you should reference numerically using the Royal Society of Chemistry style.

If you choose to use an online tool or app for reference list creation, you will still need to check that your references are correct and if you are unsure which style to use, then please refer to your course leader before you submit your first assignment.

Electronics & Electrical engineering

If you are on an Electrical or Electronic Engineering course you may be asked to reference in the style used by the IEEE. If so, this guide will help you.

IEEE is a numeric referencing system.

IEEE is a relatively common style of referencing, and is supported by numerous referencing tools, including:

  • The referencing feature in Library Search (the quotation marks icon next to or under each record in the results list)
  • The Citations and Bibliography tool under the References tab in Microsoft Word (unlike APA 7)
  • Refworks and many other citation management apps

Please be aware that as a style designed for a professional publication, IEEE formally requires the use of set abbreviations for journals and publishers. However, in the context of student work, this can make referencing unnecessarily complex and intimidating, as well as potentially making it harder to use referencing apps and software. While you can use the abbreviations if you really want to, it is perfectly okay to use the full names of journals and publishers for references in your assignments. 

IEEE also asks for abbreviated US state to be given as part of place of publication where available. As a UK university, it's likely that Sheffield Hallam students are not going to be very familiar with American states or their abbreviations, and so it's completely acceptable to leave the state out of your references. This is especially the case as many of your books are not going to be published in the USA anyway, and as place of publication is becoming increasingly less useful with time.

Fine Art and Creative Art Practice

Students studying Fine art and Creative art practice should refer to the lecture slides and the course handbook for help with the Oxford system.


Please follow the guidance you are given by your tutors.


Please follow the guidance you are given by your tutors.

Videos to Support Oscola Referencing. The following videos have been created by the Learning and Teaching Support Librarian for Law from the Library Services at SHU. They are based on the Oscola Referencing Webinar. You can book onto the Webinar through the 'I want to  book onto a Referencing Workshop' box on the Referencing Guide

Oscola - Getting Started

Oscola - Cases

Oscola - Law Reports

Oscola - Acts and Statutory Instruments

Oscola - Books and E-Books

Oscola - Journal articles

Oscola - Webpages


A Quick Guide to OSCOLA Referencing at Sheffield Hallam

This word document provides a quick introduction to using OSCOLA at Sheffield Hallam University

Vancouver style

Vancouver is used on courses including physics. Please follow the guidance you are given by your tutors.

Vancouver is a numeric referencing style.

If you are asked to use the Vancouver style you may find the Imperial College London Guide to the Vancouver Citing and Referencing Style useful.